Alcohol | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

 

articles about alcohol

Oct 05,  · Alcohol is a drug. And every day, more than 4, American kids aged 15 and younger take their first full drink of this drug. That’s according to the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, or SAMHSA.7/ There are various effective treatments for alcohol abuse and dependence. Certain factors go into determining which treatment is best, like the severity of the problem and if the person is alcohol dependent. If the person is addicted to alcohol, they usually . Aug 20,  · Alcoholism (alcohol use disorder) is a disease that affects over 14 million people in the U.S. Get the facts on the symptoms, treatment, and long-term effects of alcoholism and alcohol abuse.


Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD): MedlinePlus


For full functionality, it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Healthline Media, Inc. Any data you provide will be primarily stored and processed in the United States, articles about alcohol, pursuant to the laws of the United States, which may provide lesser privacy protections than European Economic Area countries.

Learn more in our Privacy Policy, articles about alcohol. We use cookies and similar technologies to improve your browsing experience, personalize content and offers, show targeted ads, analyze traffic, and better understand you. We may share your information with third-party partners for marketing purposes. To learn more and make choices about data use, visit our Advertising Policy and Privacy Policy. Enter your email address to subscribe to our most top categories. To proceed, simply complete the form below, articles about alcohol, and a link to the article will be sent by email on your behalf.

Note: Please don't include any URLs in your comments, as they will be removed upon submission. We do not store details you enter into this form. Please see our privacy policy for more information. Click here to return to the Medical News Today home page. Articles about alcohol can also be difficult for the body to process, articles about alcohol extra pressure on the liver, the digestive system, the cardiovascular system, and other functions.

Alcohol is a legal recreational substance for adults and one of the most commonly used drugs in the United States. People consume articles about alcohol to socialize, to relax, and to celebrate. It is commonly misused among individuals of all ages, resulting in significant health, legal, and socio-economic damage.

Inaround half of all Americans aged over 18 years had consumed alcohol in the last month. Just over 9 percent of those aged 12 to 17 years had done so. Within minutes of consuming alcohol, it is absorbed into the bloodstream by blood vessels in the stomach lining and small intestine.

Drinking with a meal slows the rate of absorption, resulting in fewer side effects and less intoxication. At first, the person may feel relaxed, uninhibited, articles about alcohol, or giddy. As they consume more alcohol, intoxication may result. One drink is the equivalent of:. Blood alcohol concentration BAC is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. It is expressed as the weight of ethanol in grams per milliliter ml of blood.

The University of West Virginia suggests that a person may experience the following, articles about alcohol, depending on individual factors:. The body absorbs alcohol relatively quickly, but it takes longer to get the alcohol out of the body.

The liver needs about 1 hour to process one drink. Consuming several drinks in a short time causes the alcohol builds up in the body. This puts the body's systems under pressure. It can lead to illness and, in severe cases, death. It also increases the risk of blackouts, especially on an empty stomach. During this time, a person may do things that they do not remember later. Intoxication impairs judgment and can result in inappropriate and illegal behaviors such as sexual promiscuity, disorderly conduct, driving while intoxicated and acts of violence.

In31 percent of all driving fatalities in the U. When the articles about alcohol of alcohol in the blood exceeds a certain level, this can lead to alcohol toxicity, or poisoning. This is a dangerous condition. Since alcohol is a depressant, it can slow the breathing, leading to a lack of oxygen to the brain.

Signs and symptoms include :. If blood alcohol concentration is higher than 0. Some people will feel unwell immediately after drinking alcohol. They may have an intolerance, insensitivity, or allergy to alcohol or another ingredient in a drink. Alcohol intolerance can be a sign of Hodgkin lymphoma. Anyone who suddenly develops an intolerance may be advised to see a doctor, in case there is an underlying condition.

Combining alcohol with other depressant-type medications—whether over-the-counter preparations, prescription, or recreational drugs—can have serious effects on the respiratory and central nervous systems. It is especially dangerous to mix alcohol with GHB, rohypnol, ketamine, tranquilizers, and sleeping pills. After drinking too much in an evening, a person may continue to feel the effects of the alcohol on waking up, with what is commonly called a " hangover, articles about alcohol.

This is because alcohol is toxic to the body, and the body is still working to get rid of the toxin. Many of the symptoms are caused by dehydrationbut some chemicals in alcoholic drinks can cause a reaction in the articles about alcohol vessels and the brain that make symptoms worse.

Around 20 percent of alcohol is absorbed through the stomach. Most of the remaining 80 percent is absorbed through the small intestine. Around 5 percent of the alcohol consumed leaves through the lungs, kidneys and the skin. The liver removes the rest.

Since the liver can only process the equivalent of one drink at a time, the body may remain saturated with the alcohol that has not yet left the body. It can take from 2 to 3 hours for the body to metabolize alcohol from one to two drinks, and up to 24 hours to process the alcohol from eight to ten drinks.

A hangover can last up to 24 hours. Doctors advise not drinking again within 48 articles about alcohol of a heavy drinking session, to allow the body to recover. Alcohol contributes to over diseases and injury-related health conditions including dependence and addictionliver cirrhosiscancersand unintentional injuries such as motor vehicle accidents, articles about alcohol, falls, burns, assaults, and drowning.

Around 88, people in the U. S die from alcohol-related causes every year. This makes it the third leading preventable cause of death. Research shows that women who drink more alcohol than is recommended on a regular basis tend to develop liver disease, cardiomyopathy and nerve damage after fewer years than men who do the same.

Of major concern is the number of young people who consume alcohol. Research suggests that 20 percent of college students meet the criteria for AUD, and the condition affects someadolescents aged 12 to 17 years. Alcohol can have a serious effect on the developing brain, from fetal development to the end of adolescence.

If a woman consumes alcohol during pregnancy, the child may be born with fetal alcohol syndrome FAS. Inthis was believed to affect between 2 and 7 newborns in every 1, Symptoms can be similar to those articles about alcohol ADHD. If a person consumes large amounts of alcohol regularly, their tolerance can increase, and the body requires more alcohol articles about alcohol achieve the desired effect. As the body adapts to the presence of the drug, dependency and addiction can result.

If consumption stops suddenly, the person may experience withdrawal symptoms. Alcohol addiction is a disease characterized by a strong craving for alcohol, and continued use despite a negative impact on health, interpersonal relationships, articles about alcohol, and ability to work.

Articles about alcohol the person stops drinking, they will experience withdrawal symptoms. Signs and symptoms of withdrawal generally occur between 4 and 72 hours after the last drink or after reducing intake. They peak at about 48 hours and may last up to 5 days. Delirium tremens is a medical emergency. Anyone with an alcohol articles about alcohol disorder who desires to stop drinking should seek professional medical care or a treatment center specializing in safe alcohol detoxification, articles about alcohol.

The treatment of alcohol dependency involves a variety of interventions, and it requires medical, articles about alcohol, and family support. If anyone who is concerned about their own or a loved one's drinking habits, they can call or contact the following organizations for confidential help:. Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Wed 28 February All references are available in the References tab. Alcohol and your body.

Alcohol alert. Alcohol facts and statistics. Alcohol intolerance. Exploring treatment options for alcohol use disorders. Hangover cures. Short-term effects of alcohol. What is a standard drink? MediLexicon, Intl. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media.

Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should articles about alcohol take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional. Privacy Terms Ad policy Careers. Visit www. Articles about alcohol rights reserved. More Sign up for our newsletter Discover in-depth, condition specific articles written by our in-house team.

Search Go.

 

Alcohol abuse - Harvard Health

 

articles about alcohol

 

Aug 20,  · Alcoholism (alcohol use disorder) is a disease that affects over 14 million people in the U.S. Get the facts on the symptoms, treatment, and long-term effects of alcoholism and alcohol abuse. The latest articles and facts about alcohol consumption and statistics relating to alcohol use. Learn how alcohol affects the human body. For most adults, moderate alcohol use is probably not harmful. However, about 18 million adult Americans have an alcohol use disorder (AUD). This means that their drinking causes distress and harm. It includes alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence, is a disease that causes. Craving - a strong need to drink.